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准确把握危机后国际资本流动新趋势

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年12月13日 14:03:30
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新宝娱乐2登录网站信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力诚招代理Q扣99277339时时彩龙虎和,意彩彩票代理,意彩官网,意彩平台注册,意彩乐官网,意彩娱乐官方网站准确把握危机后国际资本流动新趋势

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(原)(标)(题)(:准)(确)(把)(握)(危)(机)(后)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(新)(趋)(势)(
国)(际)(金)(融)(危)(机)(对)(全)(球)(造)(成)(严)(重)(冲)(击)(,发)(达)(国)(家)(为)(扭)(转)(局)(面)(,加)(快)(了)(在)(全)(球)(战)(略)(布)(局)(,无)(论)(是)(再)(工)(业)(化)(,还)(是)(新)(的)(贸)(易)(规)(则)(,其)(背)(后)(实)(际)(是)(对)(资)(本)(的)(争)(夺)(;针)(对)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(新)(的)(变)(化)(,我)(们)(应)(从)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(发)(展)(历)(程)(中)(总)(结)(规)(律)(,积)(极)(应)(对)(。
全)(球)(经)(济)(演)(变)(新)(特)(点)((8)
董)(小)(君)(蒋)(伟)(
国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(的)(实)(质)(是)(资)(本)(在)(收)(益)(性)(、安)(全)(性)(和)(流)(动)(性)(之)(间)(的)(平)(衡)(。判)(断)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(趋)(势)(时)(应)(考)(虑)(长)(期)(因)(素)(和)(短)(期)(因)(素)(。短)(期)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(与)(一)(个)(国)(家)(的)(财)(政)(货)(币)(政)(策)(以)(及)(国)(际)(间)(的)(套)(利)(投)(机)(等)(因)(素)(有)(关)(;而)(影)(响)(国)(际)(资)(本)(的)(长)(期)(因)(素)(,则)(与)(全)(球)(政)(治)(经)(济)(以)(及)(贸)(易)(格)(局)(调)(整)(有)(关)(。正)(确)(认)(识)(和)(把)(握)(后)(危)(机)(时)(代)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(新)(的)(特)(点)(,是)(提)(高)(中)(国)(国)(际)(竞)(争)(力)(的)(关)(键)(。
在)(历)(史)(规)(律)(中)(把)(握)(影)(响)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(的)(共)(性)(因)(素)(
20世)(纪)(70年)(代)(以)(来)(,国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(具)(有)(明)(显)(的)(周)(期)(性)(特)(点)(。根)(据)(1970—2016年)(的)(《世)(界)(投)(资)(报)(告)(》统)(计)(数)(据)(分)(析)(,国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(从)(最)(初)(在)(主)(要)(发)(达)(经)(济)(体)(间)(流)(动)(,到)(加)(速)(流)(向)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(,再)(到)(回)(流)(至)(发)(达)(国)(家)(,经)(历)(了)(四)(个)(演)(变)(阶)(段)(。
第)(一)(阶)(段)((1970年)(—1980年)():美)(欧)(资)(本)(对)(流)(阶)(段)(。上)(世)(纪)(70年)(代)(美)(苏)(冷)(战)(时)(期)(,社)(会)(主)(义)(国)(家)(几)(乎)(被)(排)(除)(在)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(入)(之)(外)(。统)(计)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,1970年)(—1980年)(的)(10年)(里)(,整)(个)(西)(方)(发)(达)(国)(家)(的)(对)(外)(直)(接)(投)(资)(流)(出)(占)(全)(球)(总)(流)(出)(的)(99%以)(上)(。其)(中)(,1970年)(美)(国)(占)(比)(高)(达)(60%。美)(欧)(之)(间)(的)(资)(本)(流)(动)(加)(速)(了)(彼)(此)(之)(间)(的)(经)(济)(融)(合)(,为)(欧)(洲)(摆)(脱)(战)(后)(危)(机)(和)(美)(国)(经)(济)(的)(腾)(飞)(奠)(定)(了)(基)(础)(。
第)(二)(阶)(段)((1980年)(—1991年)():美)(日)(欧)(“三)(元)(对)(外)(投)(资)(”阶)(段)(。上)(个)(世)(纪)(80年)(代)(,随)(着)(日)(本)(经)(济)(迅)(速)(发)(展)(,日)(本)(作)(为)(资)(本)(输)(出)(大)(国)(,呈)(现)(出)(与)(美)(欧)(并)(驾)(齐)(驱)(局)(面)(。1980年)(—1991年)(的)(10余)(年)(间)(,欧)(美)(日)(三)(巨)(头)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(入)(和)(流)(出)(分)(别)(占)(全)(球)(的)(70%和)(80%。到)(1985年)(,日)(本)(取)(代)(英)(国)(,成)(为)(全)(球)(最)(大)(债)(权)(国)(,美)(国)(则)(沦)(为)(世)(界)(最)(大)(的)(债)(务)(国)(。
第)(三)(阶)(段)((1992年)(—2014年)():国)(际)(资)(本)(加)(速)(流)(向)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(。随)(着)(前)(苏)(联)(解)(体)(、日)(本)(经)(济)(陷)(入)(低)(谷)(以)(及)(越)(来)(越)(多)(的)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(加)(入)(国)(际)(产)(业)(链)(,国)(际)(资)(本)(从)(集)(中)(于)(欧)(美)(日)(三)(巨)(头)(,逐)(步)(转)(化)(为)(分)(散)(投)(资)(,并)(加)(速)(流)(向)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(。截)(至)(2014年)(年)(底)(,全)(球)(流)(入)(外)(资)(最)(多)(的)(前)(10个)(国)(家)(和)(地)(区)(中)(,发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(就)(占)(据)(一)(半)(的)(席)(位)(。其)(中)(,中)(国)(在)(全)(球)(外)(国)(投)(资)(中)(的)(地)(位)(和)(作)(用)(不)(断)(上)(升)(,并)(成)(为)(海)(外)(最)(大)(债)(权)(国)(。
第)(四)(阶)(段)((2015年)(至)(今)():国)(际)(资)(本)(回)(流)(发)(达)(国)(家)(。随)(着)(发)(达)(国)(家)(逐)(步)(走)(出)(危)(机)(,发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(却)(增)(长)(乏)(力)(,国)(际)(资)(本)(自)(2015年)(始)(呈)(现)(回)(流)(发)(达)(国)(家)(的)(趋)(势)(,2015年)(,虽)(然)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(吸)(引)(对)(外)(投)(资)(仍)(保)(持)(环)(比)(9%的)(高)(增)(速)(,并)(达)(到)(7650亿)(美)(元)(的)(历)(史)(峰)(值)(,但)(流)(入)(发)(达)(国)(家)(的)(情)(况)(更)(为)(抢)(眼)(,吸)(引)(对)(外)(投)(资)(额)(几)(乎)(翻)(番)(至)(9620亿)(美)(元)(,占)(全)(球)(份)(额)(从)(2014年)(的)(41%上)(升)(至)(55%,扭)(转)(了)(发)(展)(中)(经)(济)(体)(占)(主)(导)(地)(位)(的)(态)(势)(。其)(中)(美)(国)(的)(增)(势)(最)(为)(明)(显)(,2015年)(全)(年)(FDI流)(入)(量)(是)(2014年)(的)(近)(4倍)(。
那)(么)(,影)(响)(近)(半)(个)(世)(纪)(的)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(决)(定)(性)(因)(素)(是)(什)(么)(?从)(长)(期)(看)(,主)(要)(有)(四)(大)(推)(动)(力)(。
一)(是)(世)(界)(制)(造)(业)(中)(心)(的)(转)(移)(与)(变)(迁)(。在)(世)(界)(经)(济)(史)(上)(,先)(后)(出)(现)(过)(英)(国)(、美)(国)(、日)(本)(、中)(国)(四)(个)(世)(界)(制)(造)(业)(中)(心)(,制)(造)(业)(中)(心)(需)(要)(有)(庞)(大)(的)(资)(金)(流)(入)(和)(流)(出)(。从)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(向)(上)(可)(以)(明)(显)(看)(出)(世)(界)(制)(造)(业)(中)(心)(转)(变)(的)(趋)(势)(,18世)(纪)(—19世)(纪)(的)(英)(国)(、二)(战)(前)(的)(美)(国)(、20世)(纪)(50年)(代)(—60年)(代)(的)(日)(本)(和)(德)(国)(以)(及)(20世)(纪)(末)(的)(中)(国)(,就)(是)(凭)(借)(世)(界)(制)(造)(业)(中)(心)(的)(地)(位)(吸)(引)(全)(球)(资)(本)(流)(入)(与)(流)(出)(的)(。
二)(是)(国)(际)(货)(币)(体)(系)(的)(演)(变)(。在)(金)(本)(位)(下)(,英)(国)(是)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(的)(中)(心)(。在)(布)(雷)(顿)(森)(林)(体)(系)(下)(,全)(球)(经)(济)(和)(贸)(易)(的)(增)(长)(需)(要)(更)(多)(的)(美)(元)(作)(为)(支)(付)(手)(段)(,国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(呈)(现)(以)(美)(国)(为)(主)(的)(单)(中)(心)(局)(面)(。从)(20世)(纪)(70年)(代)(中)(期)(开)(始)(,随)(着)(牙)(买)(加)(体)(系)(的)(建)(立)(,美)(国)(对)(外)(投)(资)(流)(出)(占)(世)(界)(总)(量)(的)(比)(例)(持)(续)(萎)(缩)(,欧)(洲)(、日)(本)(等)(拥)(有)(主)(权)(货)(币)(的)(国)(家)(对)(外)(投)(资)(量)(日)(益)(增)(大)(,以)(美)(国)(为)(单)(中)(心)(的)(资)(本)(流)(动)(开)(始)(向)(美)(日)(欧)(三)(中)(心)(互)(流)(转)(变)(。
三)(是)(超)(大)(型)(区)(域)(集)(团)(联)(盟)(的)(形)(成)(。
20世)(纪)(80年)(代)(以)(来)(,随)(着)(全)(球)(化)(进)(程)(加)(快)(,区)(域)(经)(济)(合)(作)(越)(来)(越)(受)(到)(重)(视)(。尤)(其)(是)(近)(20年)(,国)(际)(投)(资)(协)(议)(剧)(增)(,欧)(盟)(、北)(美)(自)(由)(贸)(易)(区)(、亚)(太)(经)(合)(组)(织)(、东)(盟)(自)(由)(贸)(易)(区)(等)(超)(大)(型)(区)(域)(级)(别)(联)(盟)(的)(形)(成)(,直)(接)(影)(响)(全)(球)(直)(接)(投)(资)(新)(格)(局)(。其)(中)(,亚)(太)(经)(合)(组)(织)(是)(目)(前)(最)(大)(的)(区)(域)(经)(济)(集)(团)(,占)(全)(球)(资)(本)(流)(入)(量)(的)(54%左)(右)(。
四)(是)(跨)(国)(公)(司)(的)(主)(体)(作)(用)(。20世)(纪)(90年)(代)(是)(跨)(国)(公)(司)(大)(发)(展)(的)(时)(期)(,跨)(国)(公)(司)(通)(过)(并)(购)((而)(非)(传)(统)(“绿)(地)(”式)(外)(国)(直)(接)(投)(资)()进)(入)(新)(的)(市)(场)(。20世)(纪)(80年)(代)(,跨)(国)(并)(购)(几)(乎)(是)(美)(国)(跨)(国)(公)(司)(的)(专)(有)(领)(地)(,但)(从)(90年)(代)(以)(后)(,欧)(盟)(跨)(国)(公)(司)(已)(成)(为)(主)(要)(角)(色)(,到)(21世)(纪)(的)(前)(三)(年)(,在)(跨)(国)(并)(购)(中)(,欧)(盟)(跨)(国)(公)(司)(占)(全)(球)(61%。
后)(危)(机)(时)(代)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(新)(的)(特)(点)(
国)(际)(金)(融)(危)(机)(对)(全)(球)(造)(成)(严)(重)(冲)(击)(,发)(达)(国)(家)(为)(扭)(转)(局)(面)(,加)(快)(了)(在)(全)(球)(战)(略)(布)(局)(,无)(论)(是)(再)(工)(业)(化)(,还)(是)(新)(的)(贸)(易)(规)(则)(,其)(背)(后)(实)(际)(是)(对)(资)(本)(的)(争)(夺)(。在)(这)(些)(长)(期)(因)(素)(影)(响)(下)(,国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(将)(呈)(现)(以)(下)(几)(个)(新)(的)(特)(点)(。
(一)()在)(4.0工)(业)(革)(命)(推)(动)(下)(,高)(端)(制)(造)(业)(中)(心)(崛)(起)(,推)(动)(着)(国)(际)(资)(本)(向)(发)(达)(国)(家)(回)(流)(。在)(过)(去)(20年)(间)(,新)(兴)(市)(场)(一)(直)(是)(吸)(引)(国)(际)(资)(本)(投)(资)(的)(价)(值)(洼)(地)(。危)(机)(后)(,这)(种)(趋)(势)(有)(可)(能)(随)(着)(高)(端)(制)(造)(业)(中)(心)(的)(崛)(起)(而)(有)(所)(改)(变)(。目)(前)(,发)(达)(国)(家)(加)(速)(布)(局)(新)(一)(轮)(工)(业)(技)(术)(创)(新)(,强)(化)(高)(端)(领)(域)(竞)(争)(优)(势)(和)(全)(球)(价)(值)(链)(掌)(控)(能)(力)(,吸)(引)(资)(本)(回)(流)(。金)(融)(危)(机)(后)(,日)(本)(的)(FDI流)(入)(呈)(现)(大)(幅)(增)(长)(。美)(国)(页)(岩)(气)(跨)(境)(并)(购)(占)(2013年)(石)(油)(和)(天)(然)(气)(行)(业)(的)(80%以)(上)(,美)(国)(能)(源)(信)(息)(署)(估)(计)(2040年)(页)(岩)(气)(将)(占)(到)(世)(界)(天)(然)(气)(供)(应)(量)(的)(30%。高)(端)(制)(造)(业)(中)(心)(崛)(起)(将)(对)(低)(端)(制)(造)(业)(的)(资)(本)(流)(入)(形)(成)(挤)(压)(局)(面)(。
(二)()伴)(随)(大)(型)(区)(域)(贸)(易)(集)(团)(崛)(起)(,国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(将)(进)(一)(步)(呈)(现)(多)(中)(心)(化)(、分)(散)(化)(的)(特)(点)(。从)(地)(区)(看)(,贸)(易)(圈)(内)(国)(家)(由)(于)(交)(易)(成)(本)(降)(低)(和)(资)(本)(回)(报)(率)(的)(提)(高)(,自)(然)(成)(为)(资)(本)(流)(入)(的)(目)(的)(地)(,而)(贸)(易)(圈)(外)(国)(家)(则)(会)(受)(到)(明)(显)(冲)(击)(。从)(性)(质)(上)(看)(,资)(本)(有)(可)(能)(成)(为)(超)(越)(主)(权)(国)(家)(控)(制)(的)(力)(量)(。在)(WTO规)(则)(下)(,资)(本)(开)(拓)(海)(外)(市)(场)(需)(要)(主)(权)(国)(家)(的)(支)(持)(,这)(时)(的)(主)(权)(国)(家)(扮)(演)(着)(重)(要)(的)(角)(色)(。在)(“T三)(角)(”新)(的)(贸)(易)(规)(则)(下)(,通)(过)(“投)(资)(者)(—国)(家)(”争)(端)(解)(决)(特)(殊)(机)(制)(,资)(本)(有)(能)(力)(脱)(离)(本)(国)(政)(治)(和)(社)(会)(的)(控)(制)(,成)(为)(超)(越)(主)(权)(国)(家)(控)(制)(的)(力)(量)(,是)(一)(个)(更)(高)(层)(次)(的)(资)(本)(帝)(国)(。
(三)()随)(着)(新)(兴)(市)(场)(资)(本)(账)(户)(开)(放)(,证)(券)(投)(资)(尤)(其)(是)(债)(权)(投)(资)(呈)(加)(快)(增)(长)(趋)(势)(。长)(期)(以)(来)(,外)(国)(直)(接)(投)(资)(是)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(的)(主)(要)(形)(式)(,在)(1991年)(以)(前)(,占)(比)(接)(近)(100%。后)(危)(机)(时)(代)(,随)(着)(新)(兴)(市)(场)(资)(本)(管)(制)(的)(放)(开)(,证)(券)(投)(资)(占)(比)(预)(期)(将)(呈)(现)(上)(升)(趋)(势)(。这)(种)(趋)(势)(在)(过)(去)(十)(来)(年)(中)(,已)(有)(所)(呈)(现)(。统)(计)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,从)(2005年)(—2013年)(,FDI净)(流)(入)(占)(比)(资)(本)(总)(流)(入)(从)(56%下)(降)(到)(49.03%。在)(证)(券)(投)(资)(中)(,股)(权)(投)(资)(从)(12.79%下)(降)(到)(5.40%,而)(债)(权)(投)(资)(从)(10.85%提)(高)(到)(15.86%。因)(此)(,后)(危)(机)(时)(代)(,新)(兴)(市)(场)(受)(利)(率)(、汇)(率)(以)(及)(流)(动)(性)(突)(变)(的)(风)(险)(必)(然)(加)(大)(。
(四)()美)(元)(已)(进)(入)(长)(周)(期)(升)(值)(阶)(段)(,新)(兴)(市)(场)(资)(本)(流)(出)(风)(险)(加)(大)(。自)(1973年)(美)(元)(指)(数)(建)(立)(以)(来)(,美)(元)(已)(经)(历)(了)(三)(轮)(下)(跌)(和)(三)(轮)(上)(涨)(周)(期)(。历)(史)(上)(,美)(元)(上)(涨)(周)(期)(与)(美)(国)(新)(经)(济)(到)(来)(需)(要)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(入)(高)(度)(相)(关)(。危)(机)(后)(,美)(国)(的)(再)(工)(业)(化)(和)(页)(岩)(气)(革)(命)(必)(然)(推)(动)(美)(元)(再)(次)(进)(入)(长)(周)(期)(上)(涨)(。全)(球)(化)(时)(代)(,全)(球)(资)(金)(的)(关)(键)(不)(在)(总)(量)(,而)(在)(流)(向)(。新)(兴)(市)(场)(相)(对)(于)(发)(达)(经)(济)(体)(来)(说)(,美)(元)(贬)(值)(是)(“印)(钞)(机)(”,美)(元)(升)(值)(是)(“提)(款)(机)(”,即)(历)(次)(美)(元)(贬)(值)(,都)(给)(世)(界)(带)(来)(通)(货)(膨)(胀)(;而)(历)(次)(美)(元)(升)(值)(,新)(兴)(市)(场)(货)(币)(都)(会)(面)(临)(“攻)(击)(性)(贬)(值)(”,从)(而)(带)(来)(灾)(难)(性)(打)(击)(,甚)(至)(爆)(发)(危)(机)(。
应)(对)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(变)(化)(的)(对)(策)(建)(议)(
针)(对)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(新)(的)(变)(化)(,我)(们)(应)(从)(国)(际)(资)(本)(流)(动)(发)(展)(历)(程)(中)(总)(结)(规)(律)(,积)(极)(应)(对)(。
(一)()加)(快)(与)(大)(型)(区)(域)(贸)(易)(集)(团)(中)(的)(发)(达)(国)(家)(达)(成)(高)(标)(准)(、全)(面)(的)(双)(边)(投)(资)(协)(定)((BIT)。一)(个)(有)(效)(的)(、成)(功)(的)(双)(边)(投)(资)(协)(定)(会)(吸)(引)(更)(多)(的)(发)(达)(国)(家)(的)(投)(资)(进)(入)(中)(国)(,同)(样)(,它)(也)(将)(增)(强)(中)(国)(投)(资)(者)(对)(发)(达)(国)(家)(的)(信)(心)(,支)(持)(中)(国)(境)(外)(投)(资)(的)(增)(长)(。如)(果)(中)(美)(之)(间)(能)(达)(成)(高)(水)(平)(的)(BIT,两)(国)(之)(间)(将)(开)(启)(一)(系)(列)(新)(的)(双)(边)(经)(贸)(合)(作)(,包)(括)(启)(动)(《中)(美)(投)(资)(和)(贸)(易)(协)(定)(》(BITT)谈)(判)(,中)(国)(加)(入)(《国)(际)(服)(务)(贸)(易)(协)(定)(》(TISA)的)(谈)(判)(。
(二)()在)(全)(球)(整)(合)(中)(国)(制)(造)(的)(价)(值)(链)(和)(供)(应)(链)(,努)(力)(形)(成)(有)(利)(于)(中)(国)(跨)(国)(公)(司)(“走)(出)(去)(”的)(国)(际)(分)(工)(体)(系)(。一)(方)(面)(鼓)(励)(我)(国)(大)(型)(企)(业)(在)(全)(球)(范)(围)(内)(开)(展)(价)(值)(链)(整)(合)(,在)(研)(发)(、生)(产)(、销)(售)(等)(方)(面)(开)(展)(国)(际)(化)(经)(营)(,培)(育)(具)(有)(国)(际)(知)(名)(度)(和)(影)(响)(力)(的)(跨)(国)(公)(司)(,使)(其)(成)(为)(我)(国)(对)(外)(直)(接)(投)(资)(的)(骨)(干)(力)(量)(和)(重)(要)(依)(托)(。另)(一)(方)(面)(在)(全)(球)(打)(造)(以)(中)(国)(大)(型)(制)(造)(企)(业)(为)(核)(心)(的)(供)(应)(链)(体)(系)(。拥)(有)(知)(名)(品)(牌)(的)(大)(型)(制)(造)(企)(业)(,可)(依)(托)(自)(身)(的)(资)(本)(优)(势)(、技)(术)(优)(势)(和)(品)(牌)(优)(势)(来)(影)(响)(上)(下)(游)(企)(业)(,形)(成)(网)(络)(结)(构)(,并)(在)(全)(世)(界)(范)(围)(内)(进)(行)(最)(有)(利)(的)(采)(购)(、技)(术)(研)(发)(、生)(产)(和)(销)(售)(等)(经)(营)(活)(动)(。
(三)()中)(国)(不)(仅)(要)(努)(力)(成)(为)(资)(本)(帝)(国)(的)(一)(部)(分)(,更)(要)(善)(待)(资)(本)(。中)(国)(不)(能)(脱)(离)(资)(本)(帝)(国)(而)(存)(在)(。20世)(纪)(80年)(代)(以)(来)(,中)(国)(在)(全)(球)(化)(过)(程)(中)(就)(选)(择)(了)(加)(入)(资)(本)(帝)(国)(。经)(过)(30多)(年)(的)(开)(放)(,中)(国)(不)(仅)(接)(受)(了)(大)(量)(的)(外)(国)(资)(本)(,而)(且)(已)(经)(成)(为)(资)(本)(过)(剩)(国)(家)(。中)(国)(过)(剩)(的)(资)(本)(既)(要)(走)(向)(发)(达)(的)(西)(方)(,也)(要)(走)(向)(广)(大)(的)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(。“一)(带)(一)(路)(”倡)(议)(正)(在)(有)(效)(推)(动)(着)(中)(国)(资)(本)(成)(为)(资)(本)(帝)(国)(的)(一)(部)(分)(。此)(外)(,中)(国)(还)(要)(善)(待)(资)(本)(,政)(府)(如)(果)(不)(能)(善)(待)(资)(本)(,资)(本)(就)(会)(跑)(掉)(,从)(而)(导)(致)(国)(家)(的)(发)(展)(问)(题)(。
(四)()从)(国)(际)(货)(币)(体)(系)(供)(给)(侧)(改)(革)(入)(手)(,打)(造)(“以)(我)(为)(主)(”的)(国)(际)(货)(币)(话)(语)(权)(。可)(借)(助)(亚)(投)(行)(、金)(砖)(国)(家)(新)(开)(发)(银)(行)(、“一)(带)(一)(路)(”等)(平)(台)(优)(势)(,努)(力)(使)(人)(民)(币)(成)(为)(全)(球)(流)(动)(性)(的)(提)(供)(者)(,完)(善)(新)(兴)(经)(济)(体)(流)(动)(性)(补)(充)(机)(制)(和)(金)(融)(稳)(定)(联)(动)(机)(制)(。效)(仿)(金)(融)(危)(机)(后)(欧)(美)(国)(家)(的)(做)(法)(,以)(货)(币)(互)(换)(等)(方)(式)(完)(善)(多)(边)(和)(双)(边)(流)(动)(性)(救)(助)(机)(制)(,同)(时)(尝)(试)(发)(行)(以)(人)(民)(币)(计)(价)(的)(央)(票)(、债)(券)(、借)(贷)(便)(利)(、衍)(生)(工)(具)(等)(各)(类)(金)(融)(产)(品)(向)(其)(他)(新)(兴)(经)(济)(体)(注)(入)(流)(动)(性)(,维)(护)(区)(域)(金)(融)(稳)(定)(。
(五)()联)(合)(其)(他)(新)(兴)(经)(济)(体)(共)(同)(推)(行)(“托)(宾)(税)(”,为)(资)(本)(账)(户)(开)(放)(建)(立)(安)(全)(网)(。托)(宾)(税)(能)(够)(有)(效)(抑)(制)(国)(际)(资)(本)(异)(常)(波)(动)(,引)(导)(资)(金)(流)(向)(实)(体)(经)(济)(。如)(智)(利)(20世)(纪)(90年)(代)(实)(行)(托)(宾)(税)(后)(,有)(效)(地)(将)(一)(部)(分)(短)(期)(资)(本)(转)(化)(成)(长)(期)(投)(资)(。中)(长)(期)(资)(本)(流)(入)(在)(全)(部)(资)(本)(流)(入)(中)(的)(比)(例)(,由)(1990年)(的)(23%上)(升)(到)(1997年)(的)(62%。由)(于)(托)(宾)(税)(是)(全)(球)(性)(税)(种)(,若)(单)(一)(国)(家)(单)(独)(启)(用)(易)(遭)(到)(市)(场)(抵)(制)(,我)(国)(应)(联)(合)(其)(他)(新)(兴)(经)(济)(体)(共)(同)(推)(行)(,构)(建)(新)(兴)(市)(场)(资)(金)(流)(动)(的)(“缓)(冲)(阀)(”。
(董)(小)(君)(,国)(家)(行)(政)(学)(院)(经)(济)(学)(教)(研)(部)(副)(主)(任)(;蒋)(伟)(,国)(家)(开)(发)(银)(行)(博)(士)()返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
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